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Swedish Language

Swedish is a Germanic language like Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Sweden in 1917. Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.


Variant Forms of Words

In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:

 
Language Singular Plural
SWE Man Mannen Män Männen
ENG Man The man Men The men
SWE Yrke Yrket Yrken Yrkena
ENG Profession The profession Professions The professions

Alphabetical order

Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian).

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö

Alphabetical order

Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian).

Since the spelling and grammar reform was not introduced until 1917, you will come across alternative spellings in the old Swedish Church records, i.e;

The letter is used for The letter
b is used for p
c is used for k
d is used for t
f is used for v
g is used for k
i is used for j
x is used for ks
q is used for k
w is used for v
e is used for ä